Temple of Literature - Asia Travel & Leisure

Asia Travel & Leisure

Temple of Literature ( Van Mieu)

The Temple of Literature considered the country's first national university. The temple was built in 1070 at the time of Ly King. It is one of several temples in Vietnam which are dedicated to Confucius, sages and scholars. The Temple is located to the south of Thang Long Citadel or 2 km from downtown of Hanoi. The various pavilions, halls, statues and stelae of doctors are places where offering ceremonies, study sessions and the strict exams of the Dai Viet took place.

The temple is featured on the back of the 100,000 Vietnam currency bank note. Just before the Vietnamese New Year celebration TET calligraphists will assemble outside the temple and write wishes in Ancient Vietnamese characters. The art works are given as gifts or are used as home decorations for special occasions.

The temple was reconstructed during the Tran dynasty (1225–1400) and in subsequent dynasties. For nearly two centuries, despite wars and disasters, the temple has preserved ancient architectural styles of many dynasties as well as precious relics.
In 1076, Vietnam's first university, the "Quoc Tu Giam" or Imperial Academy, was established within the temple to educate Vietnam's bureaucrats, nobles, royalty and other members of the elite. The university remained open from 1076 to 1779. In 1802, the Nguyen monarchs founded the Hue capital where they established a new imperial academy. The academy at the Hanoi temple lost its prominence and became a school of the Hoai Duc district.
It covers an area of over 54 thousand square meters, including the Literature ("Van") lake, Giam park and the interior courtyards which are surrounded by a brick wall. In front of the Great Gate are four tall pillars.
The temple area was divided into 5 sections where you will see the Constellation of Literature pavilion which is symbol of Vietnam literature, the Stelae of Doctors where recorded name and date of 1307 graduates of 82 triennial royal exams, Altars to Confucius and his disciples, the imperial academy.
Notes:
Address: 58 Quoc Tu Giam Street, Dong Da District, Hanoi
Open daily, all year around
Location: 2km from Hanoi center, It normally take over an hour to visit it.
Entrance fee: Adult: 20,000VND = 1dollars. Children under 15 are free of charge.

Highlights:
It would be nice if you have a local tour guide sharing to you the impact of teaching of Confusions to the local life style.
The landmark contains numerous courtyards and pavilions, here, you will see the courtyards has good maintenance. This ancient Confucian sanctuary is now considered one of Hanoi's finest historical and cultural sites
Though having gone through lots of restoration work, the temple still retains its very first original shape, to be one of the visit worthy sightseeing of Hanoi, captivating to a huge number of tourists elsewhere.
A space of peace, green trees and solemnity covers the whole temple of historical and traditional love for study, making tourists feel like they were lost in a land of Confucion and traditional values. If you are in Hanoi, you should really come and explore it yourself
Coming here, you might see many Vietnamese students visiting the places as a ritual for good luck before they enter an important exam such as the entrance exam into college.
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